Neighborhood Development Principles
There are nine basic principles in traditional neigborhood designing:
1) The neighborhood area should be walkable size. By walkable it is meant that a person could walk through the area in 10 to 15 minutes.
2) There should be a central public facility or a gathering area with a half mile radious from the center of the neigborhood area, for example a park or meeting hall. Also a school, library and local businesses would be recommended to be within the same radius.
3) Variety of housing is important. The neighborhood should consist different types of housing ranging from facilities for businesses, family houses and duplexes and singe family residences. The housing types should have different kind of people with different kind of nees. Also different income segments should be represented.
4) Residential sidewalks and paths are essentials for a lively neigborhood development.
5) Residential streets should be designed in a manner, where there would be minimal cut trhough traffic.
6) Parks and open space with wildlife habitat, water, soil, topography and vegetation.
7) The parks and open spaces should be connected so that people could walk and ride a bike to the center of the neighborhood or to the school etc
8) Human scale with everything built to the neighborhood, for example, the homes, streetscape etc are very important for peoples health and aesthetic benefits
9) Instead of providing just housing, the neighborhood should provide workability and work opportunities for the community.